- Attributes: Goddess of the sun, fertility, destiny, arts, love and earthly pleasure
- Symbols: Cow, lioness, sistrum (a rattle similar to the ankh), mirror
- Place: Egypt
The most common depiction of Hathor is the one with a horned cow's head and large wings coming out of her shoulders, similarly to the Goddess Isis. In this form she is also responsible for giving birth to the universe. The Egyptians saw the sky as the great belly of a cow and the sun was the light that passed through the span of their horns. Because of this association, she was sometimes associated with the fertility of the land and the people.
Many texts refer to it as "The Golden One", the one that creates and strengthens the affective bonds; An appropriate definition since this Goddess was the patroness of the pleasures of the body, including music, art, cosmetics, dance and the sexual act.
Hathor ruled both birth and death and was thus she was portrayed as seven Hathor Goddesses, responsible for predicting the inescapable fate of each newborn. As the governess of the underworld, she was called the Queen of the West, the cardinal point associated with death. She accompanied her devotees on their final journey, so rituals to her devotion were commonly part of every funeral.
This Goddess was very loved in ancient Egypt but she has a somewhat troubled story. At the beginning of her existence she was called "Eye of the Sun" or "Eye of Ra" and in this form she was a Goddess of Destruction. According to legend, people began to criticize the Sun God in his role as a Pharaoh, and to resolve this situation he decided to send his eye to deal with people. The eye was the Goddess Sekhmet, who began to kill hundreds of people and drink their blood. When Ra asked her to stop, she simply ignored him. The God then came up with the idea of coloring red beer (to remember blood) and pouring into the battlefields.
Sekhmet became so drunk with the beer that she slept for three days and then she got purified in this process, losing the taste for blood and human flesh. Upon awakening, she was a Goddess who preached love and happiness, and then she became Hathor.
A Great GoddessOriginally Hathor was a personification of the Milky Way once its creation was considered to be from the milk that flowed from the tits of a divine cow. With the passage of time this Goddess absorbed the attributes of several other Goddesses and ended up approaching Isis, who at one point usurped her position as the most powerful and popular Goddess of ancient Egypt. Even losing space for Isis, Hathor continued to be popular in Egyptian history, more festivals were dedicated to her and more children received her name than any other God or Goddess of that pantheon.
There are no rules or ready-to-use recipes to summon any Goddess in Wicca. The summoning rite comes from within the self. When we study each Goddesses' myth and symbols we can have suggested some ways to summoning them.Hathor is a Goddess of many attributes and can be summoned for various reasons. When you feel in doubt which way to go in life; when you need to attract fertility; or when you need to attract happiness to yourself and to others...
Here is a simple ritual to thank and ask this Goddess:
- A symbol of Hathor (Something that represents her, a statue, a mirror, a cow ...)
- Scented oils and perfumes of your choice
- Incense if you wish
- Food and drink
When you finish, light the incense. Thank the Goddess for everything and make your wish. Keep the symbol somewhere safe and place an offering various by it like foods, cake and fruits, drinks (beer or wine for example)...
After a few hours return and eat the offerings, the energy Hathor needed she has already withdrawn. Ask her for you to always continue on the path of the Goddess and thank her again.
Download and install our free Android app to help you in your daily meditations with the Goddess!